Земельный кадастр текст на английском

07.03.2019 Выкл. Автор admin

ЗЕМЕЛЬНЫЙ+КАДАСТР

1 земельный кадастр

солнечный кадастр — solar cadastre

земельный реестр, земельный кадастр — register of properties

2 земельный кадастр

3 земельный кадастр

4 земельный кадастр

5 земельный кадастр

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7 земельный кадастр

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10 земельный кадастр

11 земельный кадастр

12 земельный кадастр

13 земельный

14 register of properties

См. также в других словарях:

Земельный кадастр — систематизированный свод достоверных сведений о земле как главном средстве производства в сельской и лесной сферах. Земельный кадастр используется для исчисления налогов на землю. По английски: Land cadastre Синонимы английские: Earth cadastre См … Финансовый словарь

Земельный Кадастр — См. Кадастр земельный Словарь бизнес терминов. Академик.ру. 2001 … Словарь бизнес-терминов

ЗЕМЕЛЬНЫЙ КАДАСТР — (франц. cadastre) систематизированный свод, перечень сведений, данных о земле как средстве производства, о земельных угодьях; ведется с древних времен. В земельном кадастре приводится описание земельных угодий, участков, указывается их площадь и… … Экономический словарь

Земельный кадастр — см. Государственный земельный кадастр … Энциклопедия права

ЗЕМЕЛЬНЫЙ КАДАСТР — систематизированный свод достоверных сведений о природном, хозяйственном и правовом положении земель. Данные З.к. используются при налоговом обложении землевладельцев, регистрации поземельных сделок, залога земель и т.п. В нем указывается имя… … Юридический словарь

ЗЕМЕЛЬНЫЙ КАДАСТР — ЗЕМЕЛЬНЫЙ КАДАСТР, систематизированный свод сведений о природном, хозяйственном и правовом положении земель (см. ЗЕМЛЯ (средство производства)), как главном средстве производства в сельской и лесной сферах. Данные земельного кадастра используются … Энциклопедический словарь

земельный кадастр — Свод систематизированных сведений о природном, хозяйственном и правовом положении земельных угодий какой либо страны или ее региона … Словарь по географии

ЗЕМЕЛЬНЫЙ КАДАСТР — (фр. cadastre) систематизированный свод, перечень сведений, данных о земле как средстве производства, о земельных угодьях о природном, хозяйственном и правовом положении земель; ведется с древних времен. В З.к. приводится описание земельных… … Юридическая энциклопедия

Земельный кадастр — Кадастровая карта Земельный кадастр систематизированный свод документированных сведений о природном, хозяйственном и правовом положении земель. Содержание … Википедия

ЗЕМЕЛЬНЫЙ КАДАСТР — см. Государственный земельный кадастр … Энциклопедия юриста

земельный кадастр — систематизированный свод достоверных сведений о природном, хозяйственном и правовом положении земель. Данные З.к. используются при налоговом обложении землевладельцев, регистрации поземельных сделок, залога земель и т.п. В нем указывается имя… … Большой юридический словарь

Земельный кадастр текст на английском

Библиографическая ссылка на статью:
Липски С.А. The role of land use planning and cadaster in the implementation of the state land policy: the specificity of Russia // Сельское, лесное и водное хозяйство. 2014. № 4 [Электронный ресурс]. URL: http://agro.snauka.ru/2014/04/1372 (дата обращения: 23.09.2018).

INTRODUCTION

In Russia, the land use planning and land cadaster always been key tools of the implementation of the state land policy.

So, “Piscovye land surveying” or “Piscovye descriptions” ( scribes – “ Piscy “ were doing such works) were tools for fixing lands together with serfs for landlords. The Stolypin’s reform destroyed the peasant community. This reform had included measures by land use planning. In Soviet period the nationalization of land and the collectivization of peasantry were also linked with the land use planning and the activity on land accounting.

In Russia the development of land use planning and land cadaster, significantly differ from the majority of European States, like many other land issues. The main features are vast territory, three centuries of serfdom; full nationalization of land in the Soviet period. These features were investigated by various authors ( Komov, 1995 [1]; Volkov, 2000 [2]; Lerman, Shagaida, 2007 [3]; Volkov, Shirokorad, 2011 [4]; Hlystun, 2012 [5]; Lipski, 2000, 2013 [6, 7] ).

Additionally, this article will be touched the specifics Russian’s terminology in this field. We will use the term “land use planning”. It is traditional term for the State University of land use planning.

1. LAND USE PLANNING

The modern land use planning includes four interrelated aspects.

a . The economic aspect is associated with the land as means of production. A state and society, and also the holder of a particular land plot are interested in the effective use of land.

b . The ecological aspect is manifested in the works on land reclamation, conservation, protection from erosion and other negative impacts. Such works are carried out in the framework of land use planning.

c . The legal aspect of land use planning has several manifestations. For example, the land plot becomes the object of the law, only as a result of its individualization through the establishment of borders. Or a special legal status of any zone also requires the designation on the locality of its borders.

d . The technical aspect includes works on design and exploration, surveying, inspection.

The Russian’s land use planning has a large number of English definitions: land management, land administration, land development, land surveying, land arrangement.

1.1 “Land use planning” and “land management”

The Russian term “land use planning” has a large number of English definitions: land management, land administration, land development, land surveying, land arrangement. However, the Russian features of this activity reflect the two definitions that have developed in the twentieth century. They correspond to the land use planning in narrow understanding and in broad understanding.

Land use planning in the narrow sense is a set of organizational, economic, technical, etc. actions carried out in different lands. First of all, this refers to agricultural lands. Such actions are directed on the adaptation of the land to the agro-technical, economic and other opportunities on its use.

The broad understanding of the land use planning is the state land management (“system of land use planning“; Lojko, 2001 [8] ).

The result of the market reforms of the 90-s and the absence up to the XXI century the legislative definition of the land use planning was that in this period the various authors were offered to enable the new functions in the concept of land use planning. Such functions would lead to the significantly expansion content of land use planning.

Some of these functions correspond to land use planning in its narrow sense. It is the works on formation land Fund for market and on inventory lands of various categories.

In addition, the some scientists and specialists had suggested the inclusion in the composition of land use planning such functions as the assessment of lands, the tracking dynamics on land market, the registration of land transactions, the land taxation, the use of economic incentive measures and economic sanctions, and other components of the system of state land Fund management ( Volkov, 1996 [9] and other) .

As a result the land use planning in the broadest sense includes land cadaster, land monitoring, control, etc. But with the development of reform these instruments of state management in land sphere has become more complicated and important. Such tools must be independent. Therefore the broad understanding of the land use planning is a rarity. In addition, the fundamental new instruments of land policy appeared in market conditions. Such instruments cannot be attributed to land use planning even in the broadest sense. There is the definition of tradable lands or the implementation of public authority of preemptive right to buy the land.

1.2 History of the land use planning in Russia

The concept of “land use planning” in the usual sense became widespread in Russia in the early twentieth century. Previously it implied a whole set of measures concerning land plots for peasants. However, during the Stolypin’s agrarian reform (1906-1911) land use planning came to be understood in a more narrow special sense. It is a system of agricultural activities on the territory organization of individual farms, eliminating dependence on related users, to improve the productivity of agricultural labor ( Bruckus, 1925 [10]; Nekrasov, 1925 [11]) . It was then laid the foundation of the modern understanding of land use planning, which include not only the works on determination of boundaries of land plots (as it was before), but the organization of infrastructure agricultural production, and definition the specialization of farms, immigration policy and other ( Volkov, 2000 [2]).

In the Soviet period, land use planning has acquired a completely new value.

However the issues of land use planning have not received a corresponding development in the first post-revolutionary decisions of the new Soviet government. So the famous Decree on the land (1917) and the decree about the socialization of the land (1918) did not contain norms related to land use planning. Probably, in this period the leaders of the Soviet state were still under the influence their negative assessment of land use planning, which played a key role in the Stolypin’s reform. As is known, the Bolsheviks not welcomed this reform. So the position of Lenin (1913) was that the land use planning helps strong peasants, but it presses weak peasants – “ land use planning is the chariot, in which a strong sits and presses affected ” [12, P. 6] .

But through a couple of years the land use planning has become a key element of the Soviet agricultural policy.

In the conditions of the soviet planned economy and the monopoly of state ownership of land the measures enshrining the rights on land largely lost their relevance and it have become a part of the land cadaster (as registration of land uses). All large-scale the works on determination of boundaries of land plots simultaneously pursued two objectives: 1) the legal strengthening of the borders, 2) the economic organization of territory. So the line between the land surveying and the land use planning worn off. The land use planning has become the tool by fixtures of land plots to the real situation in economy.

The strongest component of land use planning in Soviet period was intracompany organization of the territory. Then foreign colleagues to a certain extent even envied to Soviet surveyors. All lands were owned by the state. Therefore, the regulations on organization territory, set out in the procedure of land use planning were mandatory to agricultural enterprises. There was even the author supervision behind the correctness implementation of project. In addition, the users of agricultural land were state farms (sovkhozes) and collective farms (kolkhozes). Kolkhozes were formally independent but fully controlled by the state. Public authorities were indicating by sovkhozes and kolkhozes the crops, the time of agro technical measures, the fixed prices on products. That absolved the surveyors of Soviet period from the need to convince the state and collective farms to the implementation of project solutions. From 1976 to 1990 such projects had been developed for almost all collective and state farms (Stroev, Volkov, 2001 [13]).

1.3 L and reform of the 90-s and land use planning

During the land reform of the 90-s, the role of land use planning was very important. But some peculiarity was that, the privatization of agricultural lands and other innovations decreased the value and opportunities of the land use planning as a tool for land management. However, in the early years of reform the land use planning was a key tool. It allowed to transfer lands under the jurisdiction of rural Soviets of people’s deputies and to delimit such lands. These works had conducted on the basis of appropriate projects. They covered 26.6 million hectares.

Also the land use planning allowed creating the special land Fund for subsequent allotment of land plots. Its total area in that period amounted 15 million hectares.

The land’s component of the process reorganization of farms was provided by the land use planning (projects land redistribution, which had developed for more than 11 thousand kolkhozes and sovkhozes).

But the works by intracompany land use planning were curtailed due to the difficult financial situation of the domestic agribusiness in that period.

In 2001 State Duma was adopted the Federal law about land use planning. He established the legal framework for land use planning in the condition of market economic. Its goals became: the rational use and conservation of land, the creation of enabling environment, the improving of landscape.

After adoption of this law, the works on land use planning were focused on the surveying of land plots and the preparation of materials for the issuance documents of title to land. It would seem, such works (territorial land use planning) will the main direction in the development of Russian land use planning in the long term. But in 2007, the radical revision of the basic approaches to land cadaster occurred. Now the cadaster is covering almost all types of real estate.

Therefore, the process of formation of materials for cadastral registration joined the cadastral activity, which now is carried out by the cadastral engineers. Accordingly, the rules on the territorial land use planning, and the rules on the surveying of land were eliminated from the law on land use planning. Also land plots ceased to be object of land use planning.

However, the cadastral activities are the contractual relationship. Such activity unlike land use planning, not aimed at supporting the planning and rational use of lands. Cadaster of real estate should just fix the current status and install the border without any publicly-legal aspects.

1.4 Land use planning in present

The prospects of the further development of land use planning in Russia identified by the following factors.

a . The domestic land use planning had preserved since the Soviet times its economic substance. In recent years the economic situation in the agricultural sector improves. This is the result of realization of the priority national project Development of agro-industrial complex (since 2006), which was then transformed into the state programs (2008-2012 and 2013-2020) of development the agriculture and the regulation markets of agricultural raw, materials and food.

Also the role of land use planning may be strengthened with regard to the implementation the Doctrine of food security, which includes the more rational use of agricultural lands, the increase of soil fertility and the expansion of sowing of agricultural crops at the expense of unused arable lands (Lipski, 2013 [14]).

b . In past two years the scientists and specialists actively are discussing the question about the abolition of the Institute of land categories. The division of lands on the category was and remains a key principle of the Soviet and modern Russian land law. However, this Institute is not fully corresponds to modern land relations. The zoning is likely to become of the mechanism which will replace the current division of the land fund on a category. In the context of this issue the legislator is considering the proposal about develop the special agricultural rules. Such rules must become the part of land use planning. If this happens, the land use planning will again be a very important tool for governance in land and agrarian sphere.

c . The quality of the work of cadastral engineers which do not have the training in sphere of land use planning is low. So the number of cases when the public authorities not accept the materials on the cadastral registration, exceed of 40 per year for one engineer (Volkov, etc, 2013 [15]). Therefore, the additional legislative requirements should be submitted for the cadastral engineers performing the works on determination of boundaries of land plots if it is the agricultural land.

1.5 Stages of Russian land use planning

Thus in the development of Russian land use planning has four main stages.

The first phase is pre-revolutionary land use planning and land surveying (until 1917).

The second phase is the Soviet period in the development of land use planning (1917-1990). This stage was the highest elevation in terms of impact on land users and the organization of the territory.

The third stage is the land use planning in period of land reform (1991-2008), when a result of the privatization of most part of agricultural land the prescriptive role of land administration has been significantly weakened. Also serious problems have arisen with the financing of the works on land use planning. Many surveyors went into other fields. This stage was the search for a new role of land use planning in condition of new land relations.

The fourth stage began in 2008, when there was created the united cadaster of real estate. As a result, the works on determination of boundaries of land plots which are traditional for the Russian land use planning ceased to be an part of its.

Now the new task can be put before the land use planning. Such task is the developing of agricultural regulations. This could be the beginning of a new stage in the development of land use planning.

2. CADASTER

2.1 History of the land cadaster in Russia

The cadaster (inventory of taxable items) is always important for the state as a necessary element in the system of public finance. But most of the Soviet period, the land cadaster was not because collective and state farms did not pay for the land (it was believed that this was the achievement of the revolution of 1917). In 1968, the term land cadaster appeared in Soviet legislation. However, until the land reform of the 90-s such cadaster did not provide the fulfilling fiscal and registration tasks in respect of lands.

In the initial stage of land reform of 90-s the land taxation and the civil turnover of privatized land plots were introduced. As a result the original functions of the land cadaster (fiscal and legal) were restored. Moreover, the legal function of the land cadaster assumed not just ensuring the registration of rights to land but and the subsequent inclusion of such registration in the cadaster. In addition, the decisions adopted then assumed that such unified system will spread to the rest real estate, but it didn’t happen then (Lipski, 2000, 2002 [16, 17]).

In 1998 the law on state registration of rights to immovable property and transactions with it came into force. According this law such registration is performed outside of the cadaster (which only provides the registration of the necessary information). Also in 2000, the separate law on state land cadaster was adopted. After such legislative solutions the question about the unity of cadaster and registration of rights was not raised a few years.

In 2001 Land code was adopted. It established the principle of the unity of destiny of the land plot and the strongly associated with it objects. Therefore, the tendency to integrate information systems about land, buildings, residential and non-residential premises etc. in the single cadaster of real estate has increased. This approach was implemented in the law on state cadaster of real estate (2007).

2.2 State cadaster of real estate in modern Russia

The mentioned law regulates the two group fundamentally different cadastral relations: 1) the implementation of the state accounting in respect of the real estate; 2) the cadastral activities. They differ by the subject composition and the nature of its operations. Also the different current problems and prospects are inherent for these relations.

Currently the cadastral accounting of the real estate (of its contents, procedure and composition of performers) is slightly modified actions which previously was executing in the structure of the cadastral accounting of land plots (according to the law of 2000). Now there are 5 problems related with the cadastral accounting.

a . Before 2007, the substantial differences were in the approaches to accounting for different types of real estate. Therefore, the law on cadaster has established a transitional period (up to 2013). During this period, the provisions of the law were not applied with respect to buildings, premises, objects of unfinished construction. Now this transition period completed. And the accounting must be the single, but difficulties remain.

b . There is the duplication with the system of registration of rights to real estate. Before the transition to the unified cadaster the separate existence of cadastral and registration systems had a certain meaning: different objects were accounting in the different systems. The system of registration rights was receiving the necessary information from these systems. Now the object is the same. But the accounting and the registration are separated, while these actions are interdependent. For example, the cadastral passport need for the registration of rights. And the information on the registered rights is required for the cadastral accounting.

The ultimate goal here is the merge two systems: 1) the cadastral accounting of real estate, 2) the registration of rights thereto (as it was before 1998). Such an association will be logical because with 2009, the functions of cadastral accounting of real estate objects and the state registration of rights to them shall be performed by the single government authority (the Federal service of state registration, cadaster and cartography and of the institutions which are in its competence).

In 2013, the Government of the Russian Federation approved the Federal target program Development of the unified state system for registration of rights and cadastral accounting of the real estate (2014 – 2019), which is aimed at solution of this problem and the set of intermediate targets. By 2019 the full coverage of real estate objects in the unified state register should be ensured. Such data should be translated into electronic form .

c . The procedure of submission the statements on the cadastral accounting from citizens and legal entities requires simplification. For this legislator must to change the technology of interaction with applicants. Although cadaster is maintained by only the Federal service for state registration, cadaster and cartography, but from 2013 citizens can apply also to other organizations. So the special multifunctional centers (state and municipal) carry out: 1) the reception of applications for cadaster accounting and of requests for information listed in the cadaster and 2) the issuance of relevant documents. They work on the principle of “one window”, providing a variety of services. But the citizens still can appeal to the Federal service too.

d . The transition to full automation of cadaster accounting still not completed. This work is conducted since 1996, but the expected economic effect, it is not given. It inhibits the introduction of the tax of real estate. The introduction of such tax was provided in 2001 when the land code was adopted (according this code the current land tax should be replaced by the real estate tax).

e . The cadaster became system which is covering almost all types of real estate. As a result the information layers about agricultural lands were simplifying (the current cadaster does not contain data on the composition of the land plots, the quality of lands and other). The assignee of the land cadaster in this aspect may become the new specialized state information resource about agricultural lands. The concept of development of state monitoring of lands of agricultural purpose and formation of state information resources on these lands for the period till 2020 provides this approach. Such concept was approved by the Government of the Russian Federation in 2010.

The cadastral activity is the execution of the works in relation to immovable property, in the result of which is preparing the documents, necessary for executing its cadastral accounting. Previously, these activities were performed by surveyors in the framework of territorial land use planning (in respect of the land) and by employees of the bureau of technical inventory (in respect of buildings). Now such activities may exercise any citizen who passed the exam and received the qualification certificate of cadastral engineer. At present the number of such engineers is more than 20 thousand. Legal entities that want to provide the services on cadaster shall have in its staff at least two such engineers.

The main problem here is the lack of skills among a considerable part of the current cadastral engineers in the matters of land-surveying. So, to date, only one third of the cadastral engineers have a high profile education. It negatively affects the quality of their work. Therefore the law on cadaster provided for a transitional period. And up to 2011 the surveyors continued to implement the cadastral activities.

However, other solutions are needed to solve this problem. The surveyors must to perform the works on determination of boundaries of land plots, if it is the land of agricultural purposes. The publicly-legal component of these works on the agricultural land prevails.

In case of non-agricultural land-use the publicly-legal component of cadastral relations expressed not so much. Here the cadastral relations are in its pure form contractual. The works on determination of boundaries of such land plots should be left at cadastral engineers. They will perform such works simultaneously, in respect to land plots and other immovable located on such plots. The argument in favor of this distinction between agricultural and non-agricultural land use is that the works on determination of boundaries of land plots in agriculture (configuration of fields, their location relative to water bodies and transport communications) are affecting on the production process and on the degree of implementation of the state policy in agricultural sector.

However, other solutions also may be. For example, the legislator may install the requirement for cadastral engineers to have a special training for work with agricultural lands.

Another problem is the liability insurance cadastral engineers and their membership in self-regulatory organizations. The law on cadaster does not provide for them the mandatory participation in such organizations. However, at this stage of the formation of the corps of the national cadastral engineers this would be very suitable. Also, legal entities rendering services on cadastral activity should have the possibility of membership in such organizations (now the membership is possible only for the cadastral engineers).

2.3 Stages of Russian cadastral accounting

Thus, the adoption of the law on cadaster has only been a new twist in cadastral reform. In the development of domestic cadaster we can distinguish the following stages.

I. The period up to Stolypin’s agrarian reform (up to 1906-1911) was characterized by the close link between works on registration, valuation and surveying of land.

II. This reform and the subsequent years (1911-1917) have led to the clear division between the land cadaster, the land use planning and the works on determination of boundaries of land plots, with a gradual rapprochement of the two last.

III. The Soviet period (1917-1990) is characterized by the fact that was the accounting of land instead of cadaster. The works on determination of boundaries of land plots ceased to be an independent and entered into the land use planning.

IV. The restoration of traditional land-cadaster functions took place at the initial stage of land reform (1991-1997). In that period the government tried to include in the land cadaster also other types of real estate and also the actions by registration of rights to them.

V. In 1998-2007 the land cadaster and system of registration of rights to real estate and transactions with it were functioning in parallel.

VI. Since 2008 the process of formation united cadaster of real estate is having several stages.

a . Since 2009 the work started on the unification of the cadaster and registration of rights.

b . Since 2012 the reform of the system of registration of rights and transactions is discussed. Including specialists are discussing the division of it on the registration of rights, which will unite with the cadaster of real estate and the registration of transactions (as option is a registration of transactions by notary).

c . A new information resource of agricultural lands should include information which previously was in the land cadaster (but now the cadaster of real estate not contains such information).

Such periodization in the development of the cadaster is important for assess the possibility or impossibility of those or other decisions in the field of cadaster, their optimality or wrong at different stages.

DISCUSSION

The materials and the basic conclusions which contains in this article generalize and systematize the results earlier published by its author in various scientific editions ( Lipski, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2013 [6, 14, 18, 19, 17, 20, 21, 22] etc .). The responses on them received from a number scientists and specialists. Also in this article the results, which previously obtained by its author, are developing with taking into account the rapidly changing conditions in land sphere.

CONCLUSION

Land use planning and cadaster remain important tools of the state land policy. The fundamental transformation of land relations in the last two decades required the changes of these tools. This process was not easy and is still not finished. Now the legislator should be provided a new function. It is the development of agricultural regulations as part of the land use planning. This will return the land use planning to its previous high level. The cadaster should get away from duplication with the system of registration of rights to real estate. It must to unite with this system. Also the cadaster should ensure the introduction tax of real estate.

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  20. Lipski S.A. 2013. The legal regulation of cadastral relations in post-Soviet Russia: trends, problems, solutions. The notary. 6, 20-25.
  21. Lipski S.A. 2013. Problems of cadaster and monitoring of agricultural lands in modern Russia. Universitatea Agrară de Stat din Moldova. Lucrări ştiinţifice: Cadastru şi drept. [State Agrarian University of Moldova. Scientific works: Cadaster and law]. Chisinau. 33, 80-84.
  22. Lipski S.A., Gordienko I.I. Pravovoe obespechenie zemleustrojstva i kadastrov: aktual’nye problemy zemel’nogo zakonodatel’stva [The legal support of land use planning and cadaster: current problems of land legislation]. Moscow. 2013. 336 p.

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Земельный кадастр текст на английском

ББК Ш143.21-923
Рубрики: Языкознание
Германские языки
Кл.слова (ненормированные):
АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК ( ТЕКСТЫ ) — УСТНАЯ РЕЧЬ (АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК) — ЗЕМЛЕУСТРОЙСТВО ( ТЕКСТЫ НА АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ ) — КАДАСТР ( ТЕКСТЫ НА АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ ) — УЧЕБНЫЕ ПОСОБИЯ ДЛЯ БАКАЛАВРОВ — Английский язык — ЯЗЫКОЗНАНИЕ — ФОНЕТИКА — ГРАММАТИКА — ТЕКСТЫ (АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК)
Аннотация: Учебное пособие создано в соответствии с Федеральным государственным образовательным стандартом по направлению подготовки 120700 — Землеустройство и кадастр ы (квалификация «бакалавр»). Пособие способствует формированию умения читать и переводить оригинальную литературу по специальности, навыков устной речи в пределах пройденной тематики. Все уроки сопровождаются упражнениями и текстами для чтения и перевода. В конце пособия помещены грамматические тесты и англо-русский словарь. Это поможет закрепить наиболее часто употребляемый лексико-грамматический материал. Для студентов учреждений высшего профессионального образования

Экземпляры всего: 10
ЦА (5), 7 (5)
Свободны: ЦА (5), 7 (5)

Землеустройство, кадастр и мониторинг земель / Land management, land monitoring and cadaster

Журнал входит в Перечень ВАК / Included in the List of editions VAK

С емь раз отмерь, землемер!

Журнал распространяется:

Научно-практический журнал «Землеустройство, Кадастр и мониторинг земель» ориентирован на профессиональную аудиторию: руководителей и работников земельных комитетов, руководителей местных органов власти, руководителей предприятий-собственников или арендаторов земли, строительных и проектно-изыскательских организаций, специалистов юридических служб, регистраторов недвижимости, кадастровых инженеров, научных сотрудников, преподавателей и студентов профильных вузов, а также компаний, занятых поставкой землеустроительного оборудования и оказанием геодезических услуг.

Land management, land monitoring and cadaster journal is unique print in the sphere of land management and cadaster. The journal is oriented to professional community: heads of land committees, local authorities, specialists of agricultural enterprises, land owners and leaseholders, land use planning, geodetic and survey organizations, lawyers, cadastral engineers, professors and students of land universities and other companies and organizations working in the field of land management, cadaster and geodesy.

Главный редактор-составитель

Владимир Васильевич Косинский, д-р экон. наук, профессор кафедры землеустройства ГУЗ, почетный землеустроитель России, академик РАЕН

Основные рубрики:

Актуальная информация из Росреестра

События, проекты, услуги, оказываемые Федеральной службой государственной регистрации, кадастра и картографии (Росреестром), ее территориальными органами и ФГУП. Результаты контроля Росреестром соблюдения земельного законодательства, требований охраны и использования земель организациями независимо от их организационно-правовых форм и форм собственности. Создание единой федеральной системы в сфере государственной регистрации прав на недвижимость и государственного кадастрового учета недвижимости: нормативное обеспечение, первые практические результаты.

Комментарии к законодательным актам

Федеральные законы и поправки к ним, новые нормативные документы и регламенты Росреестра комментируют специалисты. «Закон о мостиках» – Федеральный закон № 334-ФЗ «О внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Российской Федерации» – увязывает системы регистрации прав и кадастрового учета в переходный период. Закон о «дачной амнистии» нуждается в доработке.Сняты барьеры для переоценки земель в случае изменения экономической ситуации – Постановление Правительства РФ от 30 июня 2010 г. № 478 «О внесении изменения в Правила проведения государственной кадастровой оценки земель».

Земельные отношения – новый этап становления

Мониторинг ситуации в сфере государственного регулирования земельных отношений. Совершенствование законодательной базы в части оборота земель сельскохозяйственного назначения – мнения экспертов и специалистов. Аналитические материалы по вопросам судебного права с примерами судебной практики. Разрешение судебных и административных споров в отношении земельных платежей – опыт предприятий и бизнес-объединений.

Система управления земельными ресурсами

Государственная регистрация прав на недвижимое имущество и сделок с ним: порядок и особенности оформления прав на недвижимое имущество. Практика вовлечения в сельскохозяйственный оборот неиспользуемых земельных долей. Современные методы управления земельными ресурсами на примере российских регионов.

Рынок земли

Стоимость права аренды и размер арендной платы за пользование земельным участком. Коэффициенты корректировки стоимости земли: а) для предприятий, занимающихся приоритетными для города видами деятельности; б) в зависимости от удаленности земельного участка от границ природного комплекса, городских магистралей, метро или железнодорожных станций.

Государственное регулирование на землях сельскохозяйственного назначения: опыт землеустроительных служб СССР, современной России, зарубежных стран. Анализ состояния разных категорий земель, рекомендации по их рациональному использованию. Проблемы при формировании и изъятии земельных участков, сформированных из невостребованных земельных долей в государственную собственность. Емкость рекреационных ресурсов и мероприятия по урегулированию нагрузки на территорию.

Инновации в землеустройстве

Наукоемкие ресурсосберегающие технологии в развитии АПК страны. ГИС-технологии при внутрихозяйственном землеустройстве. Электронные услуги Росреестра – помощь гражданам в получении сведений об основных характеристиках своего земельного участка и его кадастровой стоимости.

Целевое разграничение земель Российской Федерации в земельном законодательстве; признаки отнесения земель к целевым категориям и их адаптирование к современным экономическим условиям. Кадастровая стоимость земли в нормативно-правовой базе. «Дачная амнистия»: правила оформления прав собственности на дом и земельный участок – документы, упрощенный порядок.

Оценка экономического ущерба от экологических нарушений и загрязнения окружающей среды. Современные методы экологического мониторинга орошаемых агроландшафтов на основе ГИС-технологий; экологическая стабилизация агросистемы путем учета антропогенной нагрузки. Обеспечение устойчивого природопользования (недропользования) региона на основе положений Концепции государственной политики в сфере воспроизводства, использования и охраны природных ресурсов. Восстановление деградированных земель в условиях изменения климата. Зонально-провинциальные проявления техногенного воздействия промышленных предприятий на природную среду.

Кадастр недвижимости

Эволюция понятия «кадастровая оценка» в связи с потребностями российского общества. Государственный кадастровый учет зон с особыми условиями использования территорий – оптимальные решения в интересах всех участников земельных отношений. Взаимодействие землеустроительных служб и инвестиционных структур на рынке коммерческой недвижимости. Эффективность кадастровых работ. Трансформация государственного земельного кадастра в государственный кадастр недвижимости – мнения ученых и практиков. Реализация Федерального закона № 221-ФЗ «О государственном кадастре недвижимости» – практика регионов.

Городской кадастр

Факторы техногенного риска при классификации городов. Проблемы планирования использования земель сельских поселений. Варианты разрешения спорных вопросов в градостроительном законодательстве. Сельские населенные пункты – принципы и мотивы расселения; стоимостные (рыночные) отношения в результате государственной кадастровой оценки земли.

Способы информационного обеспечения органов государственной власти и местного самоуправления сведениями о лесных участках в целях государственного управления земельным фондом. Проблемы, возникающие при постановке лесных участков на государственный кадастровый учет, и основные факторы, способствующие их появлению. Учет лесных участков, ранее находившихся во владении сельскохозяйственных организаций.

Полевое обследование земель сельскохозяйственного назначения – рекомендации по предотвращению деградационных процессов в почве. Космический мониторинг – современные методы контроля использования земель (к 50-летию со дня первого полета в космос Ю.А. Гагарина). Олимпийская стройка в Сочи: взгляд из космоса – мониторинг опасных геоморфологических и инженерно-геологических процессов; улучшение координации работ, снижение рисков.

Геодезия и геоинформатика

Точность определения координат средствами спутниковых радионавигационных систем (СРНС). Высокоточное определение астрономо-геодезических уклонений отвесных линий по данным наблюдений спутников системы GPS/ГЛОНАСС. Новые методы для дешифрирования космических снимков. Единая эллипсоидальная система ведения государственного кадастра недвижимости. Поиск геодезических предвестников удаленных сейсмических событий по результатам спутниковых наблюдений коротких базовых линий. ГИС – решение задач в области навигации.

Измерительные приборы и инструменты

Результаты исследования спутниковой аппаратуры – использование в земельно-кадастровых и геодезических работах. Рекомендации специалистов по применению приборов в геодезической и метрологической практике.

Интеграция в европейское образовательное пространство – новые конкурентоспособные образовательные программы и проекты. Информация о защите диссертаций. Обсуждение опубликованных монографий.

Из истории земельных отношений в России

Межи реформ и людей – исторические новеллы и воспоминания землемеров.

Регулирование земельных отношений за рубежом

Земельная реформа за рубежом: методы реализации и основные итоги. Опыт земельных преобразований, планирования и организации землеустроительных работ. Опыт передовых стран ЕС в области конверсии военных территорий.

Юбилеи и знаменательные события в жизни вузов, организаций и их сотрудников – отмечаем вместе с читателями.

Новые книги по землеустройству и землепользованию

Учебные пособия и книги для землеустроителей, геодезистов, кадастровых инженеров и регистраторов недвижимости, преподавателей и студентов вузов, обучающихся по землеустроительным специальностям и направлениям.

Up-to-date Rosreestr information

Events, projects, services of the Federal Service for State Registration, Cadaster and Cartography (Rosreestr) and its local branches and departments. The results of supervision in the sphere of land law, land use and land protection. Creation of Integrated Federal System of state registration of property rights and cadastral accounting: legislative basis and first results.

Commentaries on legislative acts

Federal laws and amendments, new legal acts and regulations of Rosreestr commented by specialists. “Bridge law” – Federal Law № 334-FL — “Changes in some legislative acts of the Russian Federation” connects the systems of right registration and cadastral accounting during this unstable period. The Law of “dachas amnesty” requires improvement. Land revaluation is now possible if an economic situation is changed – Government Regulation on 20.06.2010 № 478 “Changes in procedure of state cadastral evaluation of land”.

Land relations – new stage

State regulation of land relations — monitoring of the situation. Legislation improvement in the field of agricultural lands turnover – specialists opinions. Analytic materials concerning judicial law with examples. Judicial and administrative disputes about payments for land – experience of enterprises and corporations.

State registration of real property rights and transactions: procedure and some peculiarities of real property rights registration. Inclusion of unused lands to agricultural turnover. Present methods of land administration by example of Russian regions.

Land rent amount. Land value ratios: a) for priority enterprises b) dependent on distance from natural areas, main roads, metro or railway stations.

State regulation of agricultural lands: land use planning organizations in the USSR, nowaday Russia and abroad. The analysis of various types of land and advice on rational use. Problems at withdrawal of unclaimed land shares and formation of state land parcels. Recreation resources and measures for territory load optimization.

Land management innovations

Modern resource-saving technologies as an important part of agro-industrial complex of the country. GIS-technologies using in intraeconomic land use planning. On-line services of Rosreestr – available information about characteristics of land parcels and their cadastral value.

Purpose-based differentiation of Russian lands in Land Law; indicators and attributes of different land purposes and adaption of land categories to present economic situation. Legally-based cadastral value of land. “Dachas amnesty”: registration procedure of property rights on homestead and land plot – documents, simplified procedure.

Land use ecology

Assessment of damage made by breach of ecological norms and pollution of the environment. Present ways of monitoring of irrigated lands based on GIS technologies; stabilization of agricultural environment taking into consideration anthropogenic influence. Sustainable nature management and subsoil use of region based on State Policy in the field of use, protection and reproduction of nature resources. Land reclamation under the climate change conditions. Local indicators of anthropogenic influence on environment made by industrial enterprises.

Real estate cadaster

The evolution of the concept “cadastral evaluation” linked with change of Russian society demands. State cadastral registration of special zones – optimum solutions in behalf of all participants of land relations. Interaction of land management and investment organizations on commercial property market. Efficacy of cadastral activities. Transformation of state land cadaster to state real estate cadaster – expert opinions. Realisation of Federal Law № 221-FL “State real estate cadaster” – regional experience.

Industrial dangers at town classification. Land use planning issues on rural settlements. Settlement of disputed issues concerning urban planning legislation. Rural settlements – principles and reasons of settling; market relations as a result of state cadastral evaluation of land.

Information support of federal and local authorities by data about forest plots in case of proper forest management. Some issues (and their causes) at forest plots registration. Registration of forest parcels that had been used by agricultural enterprises.

Field investigation of agricultural lands – anti-erosion guidelines. Satellite monitoring – high-end methods of land use control (to 50-th anniversary of the first human spaceflight with Y.A.Gagarin). Construction of Olympic objects in Sochi: space view — monitoring of dangerous geomorphological and geological processes; works coordination and risk minimization.

Geodesy and geoinformatics

Coordinates setting by satellite radio navigation system. High-precision astrogeodetic setting of plumb-line deflection by GPS/GLONASS satellites.
New ways of satellite images decryption. Solid elliptical system for needs of state real estate cadaster. Early detection of distant seismic disturbances by satellite observations of short baselines. GIS – the navigation solutions.

The results of satellite equipment review – using in cadastral and geodetic projects. Opinions of specialists about surveying and metrological tools.

Integration to European education system – new competitive education programs and projects. Articles about defence of theses and publications.

Russian history of land relations

Bounds of people and reforms – historical novels and memoirs of surveyors.

Land relations regulation abroad

Land reform abroad: realization and main results. Experience of reforms as well as planning and organization of land use activities. Knowledge of the leading European countries in the sphere of military areas conversion.

Anniversaries and important events in life of universities, organisations and personnel – celebrate with readers!

New books on land management and land use

Learning aids and books for land surveyors, geodesists, cadastral engineers, registrars of real estate, and also teachers and students of land management subjects.

Редакционный совет:

С.Н. Волков, (председатель редсовета) д-р экон. наук, профессор, академик РАН, Государственный университет по землеустройству, г. Москва, ректор, заведующий кафедрой землеустройства;

В.В. Вершинин (зам. председателя), д-р экон. наук, профессор, академик РАЕН, Государственный университет по землеустройству, г. Москва, проректор по научной и инновационной деятельности, заведующий кафедрой почвоведения, экологии и природопользования;

В.В. Алакоз, президент российской ассоциации частных землемеров, г. Москва;

М.П. Буров, д-р экон. наук, профессор, академик РАЕН, Государственный университет по землеустройству, г. Москва, заведующий кафедрой экономической теории и менеджмента;

А.А. Варламов, д-р экон. наук, профессор, член-корреспондент РАН, Государственный университет по землеустройству, г. Москва, заведующий кафедрой землепользования и кадастров;

В.А. Вашанов, д-р экон. наук, профессор, СОПС Минэкономразвития и РАН, г. Москва, зам. председателя;

Т.А. Емельянова, д-р экон. наук, профессор, Государственный университет по землеустройству, г. Москва, проректор по экономике и финансам, профессор кафедры землеустройства;

Н.Г. Конокотин, д-р экон. наук, профессор, Государственный университет по землеустройству, г. Москва, заведующий кафедрой городского кадастра;

П.Ф. Лойко, д-р экон. наук, профессор, член-корреспондент РАН, Центр земельного права и природопользования, г. Москва, научный консультант;

А.П. Огарков, д-р экон. наук, профессор, член-корреспондент РАН, Государственный университет по землеустройству, г. Москва, профессор кафедры городского кадастра;

В.П. Раклов, кандидат технических наук, профессор, академик РАЕН, Государственный университет по землеустройству, г. Москва, заведующий кафедрой картографии;

В.Н. Хлыстун, д-р экон. наук, профессор, академик РАН, Государственный университет по землеустройству, г. Москва, профессор кафедры экономики недвижимости;

В.М. Фомин, Федеральная служба государственной регистрации, кадастра и картографии, г. Москва, заместитель руководителя;

Ю.А. Цыпкин, д-р экон. наук, профессор, заведующий кафедрой маркетинга, Государственный университет по землеустройству, г. Москва.